Opinion of advocate general Mengozzi in the case Beteiligungsgesellschaft Larentia + Minerva. Mengozzi proposes that the questions referred by the Bundesfinanzhof be answered as follows: Expenditure connected with capital transactions incurred by a holding company which involves itself directly or indirectly in the management of its subsidiaries has a direct and immediate link with that holding company's economic activity as a whole. Input value added tax on that expenditure should not therefore be apportioned between the economic and non-economic activities of the holding company. If the holding company effects transactions which are subject to value added tax and transactions which are exempt, the proportion method provided for in Article 17(5) of Sixth Council Directive 77/388/EEC will be used to calculate the right to deduct input value added tax.
The second subparagraph of Article 4(4) of Sixth Directive 77/388 precludes a Member State, in the exercise of the option available under that provision, from making the formation of a VAT group subject to the condition that all the members of that group must have legal personality, unless that condition is justified by the prevention of abusive practices or of tax evasion or avoidance, having due regard to EU law, in particular the principle of fiscal neutrality, this being a matter which must be determined by the referring court.
C-108/14 and C-109/14