The overall tax-to-GDP ratio, meaning the sum of taxes and net social contributions as a percentage of GDP, stood at 40.0% in the European Union (EU) in 2014, compared with 39.9% in 2013. In the euro area, tax revenue accounted in 2014 for 41.5% of GDP, up from 41.2% in 2013. Over recent years, the tax-to-GDP ratio in both zones has increased continuously since its low point in 2010.
The tax-to-GDP ratio varies significantly between Member States, with the highest share of taxes and social contributions in percentage of GDP in 2014 being recorded in Denmark (50.8%), followed by Belgium and France (both 47.9%), Finland (44.0%), Austria (43.8%), Italy and Sweden (both 43.7%). At the opposite end of the scale, Romania (27.7%), Bulgaria (27.8%), Lithuania (28.0%) and Latvia (29.2%) registered the lowest ratios.
This information comes from a report issued by Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union. Tax indicators are compiled in a harmonised framework based on the European System of Accounts (ESA 2010), enabling an accurate comparison of the tax systems and tax policies between EU Member States.